The state of Victoria is the second largest economy in Australia after New South Wales, accounting for a quarter of the nation’s gross domestic product.
Victoria State of South Australia
Victoria is possibly Australia’s most diverse state. In a half-hour drive from Melbourne you could be taking in mist-laden mountain ranges and fern gullies. In an hour you could be lying on a sheltered bay, or surfing in the rugged Southern Ocean. In around four hours you could be standing on the edge of the immense desert that stretches away into Australia’s interior. In a country full of mind-numbering distances, nothing seems far away in Victoria.
Histroy of Victoria
More than five million people live in Victoria, with over four million in Melbourne. The city was only founded in 1835, as a kind of afterthought to Sydney and Hobart, but by the 1850s Victoria was off to a racing start. A deluge of people from all corners of the world fanned out across the state in response to the madness that was gold.It brought prosperity to Victoria and it also brought the certain wildness treasured in the state’s history – uprisings like the Eureka Rebellion and bushrangers like Ned Kelly. Two Centuries later, Victoria has also recognized the richness of its natural landscape. To the west of Melbourne, beyond Geelong, a tract of cool-temperate rainforest unravels on its way to the vivid green Cape Otway, where a lighthouse stands on the cliff-top. The Great Ocean Road winds past here, en route to the state’s iconic limestone stacks, the Twelve Apostles. On the other side of Melbourne, the land to Wilsons Promontory, an untouched landscape of forested hills, tea-brown rivers and beaches strewn with enormous rust-red boulders.
Grampians National Park
The amber-hued Yarra Valley produces some of the country’s finest cool-climate wines, and form here the landscape begins its gradual climb up into the High Country, which becomes a vista of snowfields in winter. Perhaps Victoria’s most cherished place is the Grampians, an offshoot of the Great Dividing Range.
Discover grand and rugged mountain ranges, spectacular wildflower displays, a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities, and a wealth of Aboriginal rock art sites in the Grampians National Park. With a quarter of the state’s flora and 80 percent of its Aboriginal rock art, the Grampians is a living gallery and a superb place for bushwalking and camping.
Total land area: 227010 square kilometers
People per square kilometer: 22.1
Number of islands: 184
Longest river: Goulburn River (566 kilometres)
Longest lake: Lake Corangamite (209 square kilometres)
Most famous beach: Bells Beach, Torquay
Quirkiest festival: Great Vanilla Slice Triumph, Ouyen
Famous locals: Germaine Greers, Barry Humphries Kylie Minogue
Best invention: Bionic ear
First Ned Kelly film released: The Story of the Kelly Gang, 1906 (also believed to be the world’s first feature film)
Local beer: Victoria Bitter
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