The striking Puente de la Mujer (Bridge of the Woman) is the barrio’s signature monument. Unveiled in 2001, this gleaming, white structure spans Dique 3 and resembles a sharp fishhook or even a harp – but is supposed to represent a couple dancing the tango. Designed by acclaimed Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava and mostly built in Spain, this 160m-long pedestrian bridge cost AR$6 million and rotates 90° to allow water traffic to pass – when it’s functioning, that is – Puente de la Mujer.
Puente de la Mujer (Spanish for “Women’s Bridge”) is a rotating footbridge for Dock 3 of the Puerto Madero commercial district of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is of the Cantilever spar cable-stayed bridge type and is also a swing bridge, but somewhat unusual in its asymmetrical arrangement. It has a single mast with cables suspending a portion of the bridge which rotates 90 degrees in order to allow water traffic to pass. When it swings to allow watercraft passage, the far end comes to a resting point on a stabilizing pylon.
Buenos Aires – Puente
The old harbor of Buenos Aires, Puerto Madero, is currently being transformed into a new commercial and residential center and tourist area. Among the notable developments are the construction of a Hilton apartment-hotel, the Museum of the Sea, and cinemas on the east side of Puerto Madero’s Dock 3. Streets on either side of Dock 3 link Puerto Madero to the city. The pedestrian routes around Dock 3 are, however, inadequately connected to the urban fabric, as well as to the nearby axis created by the Town Hall, Plaza de Mayo and Plaza Rosada. The challenge presented by the client, La Corporación Antiguo Puerto Madero, S.A., was to design a footbridge for Dock 3 that would improve pedestrian circulation and connect the plazas on either side of the embankment, while at the same time leaving unobstructed a loading dock that is still used for water traffic. With Puente de la Mujer Santiago Calatrava delivered the solution to the challenge – Puente de la Mujer.
Puente de la Mujer consists of a rotating suspension Puente bridge, 102 meters (335 ft) long, set between a pair of fixed bridges. The central section is suspended by cables from an inclined pylon that is 39 meter (128 ft) high. This section of the bridge can rotate 90 degrees to allow free passage of water traffic. The weight of the mechanical tower balances the weight of the pylon, allowing the rotational system to be simplified. Built of reinforced concrete and steel and paved with natural stone or ceramics, the Puente de la Mujer is illuminated at night, transforming it into a new symbol for Buenos Aires. In conjunction with other recently built structures in the area, the Puente de la Mujer will also help to create a new sense of place for Puerto Madero.
History – Puente
Designed by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava on a plan very similar to a 250-metre bridge over the Guadalquivir River in Seville, Spain (1992) and a 213-metre Puente bridge over the Sacramento River in Redding, California (2004), it has a forward-, rather than a reverse-angled cantilever, as is seen in those bridges. Started in 1998, it was inaugurated on December 20, 2001, and is the only one of Calatrava’s works in Latin America. The architect has described the design as a synthesis of the image of a couple dancing the tango.
The 170-metre pedestrian bridge weighs 800 tonnes, is 6.20 m wide and is divided into two fixed portions, 25 m and 32.50 m long respectively, and a middle section of 102.5 m that rotates on a white concrete pylon, allowing vessels to pass in less than two minutes. This central section is supported by a steel “needle” with a concrete core, about 34 m high. The “needle,” inclined at a 39° angle, anchors suspension cables which support the Puente central span. A computer system at the eastern end of the bridge operates the turning mechanism when required.
Inspiration – Puente
A number of streets in the Puerto Madero district have women’s names, thus giving the bridge its name. The work was conceived by businessman Alberto L. González, who donated money for its construction. Costing about $6 million, the bridge was manufactured by the Urssa steel fabrication conglomerate in the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz in the Basque Country of northern Spain.
According to business executive Bob Schmetterer, the bridge was not part of the original Puerto Madero project. Jorge Heymann, a Buenos Aires advertising executive, had been hired to develop an advertising campaign for Puerto Madero, but his analysis showed that the biggest challenge of the site was access, not public awareness. A landmark footbridge, Heymann suggested, while certainly more costly than an initial advertising campaign would have been, would be more practical and lasting. The developer agreed with the assessment, and he built the structure – Puente de la Mujer.
Characteristic – Puente
The short pylon seen below and beyond the cantilever spar is the resting place when the bridge is open. The ship beyond is the museum ship Presidente Sarmiento – Puente de la Mujer.
- Design – Forward cantilever with gate-swing opening
- Material – Steel, reinforced concrete
- Total length – 170 Metres
- Width – 6.20 Metres
- Height – 34 Metres
- Longest span – 102.5 Metres
How to visit – Puente
Puente de la Mujer is located in Puerto Madero, only a few blocks directly behind (east of) the “Casa Rosada”, which is the President’s palace. Take subway (Subte) Line C to “Plaza De Mayo” stop, or Line B to the “LN Alem” stop, and walk east towards the dams.
GETTING THERE – Buenos Aires, Argentina
American Airlines, Air Canada, Air France, Air India, British Airways, Biman Bangladesh, Air China, Cathay Pacific Airlines, Qatar Airways are the flights available to reach Buenos Airea, Argentina.
Rajahmundry Flights, Raipur Flights, Shillong Flights, Shimla Flights, Solapur Flights, Surat Flights, Srinagar Flights, Salem Flights are the flights available to reach Buenos Airea, Argentina.
The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance from India to Argentina is 15925.89 km= 9895.89 miles. If you travel with an airplane (which has average speed of 560 miles) between India to Argentina, It takes 17.67 hours to arrive.