Great Wall, Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China, the center of the nation’s politics, culture and international exchanges and a modern metropolis full of vitality. Beijing is one of the six ancient cities in China together with Xian, Luoyang, Kaifeng, Nanjing and Hangzhou. It had served as the capital for the dynasties such as Jin (1115 AD – 1234 AD), Yuan (1279 AD -1368 AD), Ming (1368 AD -1644 A D) and Qin (1644 AD – 1911 AD).
Beijing is definitely one of the most visited cities in the world. Every year, millions of visitors assemble to Beijing to see the capital of China, a great blend of old and new. Beijing is a city for all seasons. There are actually hundreds of tourist scenic spots and historical sites in Beijing. Some are walkable. Some are a little far from the city center. It takes time to enjoy everything that Beijing City has to offer. If you only have a few days to spare, you can highlight your Beijing trip by visiting the top 10 attractions. In that way, you can say that you have experienced Beijing City, even if your stay there lasts only for a few days or just the weekend.
Great Wall at Badaling, Juyongguan, Mutianyu, Simatai and Jinshanling :
Climbing the Great Wall is a must for you no matter how buy you are! In Beijing there are mainly eight sections of the Great Wall crossing the northern part of Beijing for 600 kms. The eight sections are Badaling, Juyongguan, Huanghuacheng, Jiankou, Mutianyu, Gubeikou, Jinshanling, and Simatai. Most of the sections of the Great Wall in Beijing are well-preserved and mainly the relics dating from the Ming Dynasty, the time for huge construction. For the Great Wall hiking, get ready for strong footwear. For hot weather, please also prepare for Great Wall sunblock, sunglasses and water. For cold days, get ready for your hat and heavy coat.
Badaling Great Wall:
Ticket Fees: RMB40 (Nov. 01 to Mar. 31); RMB 45 (Apr. 01 to Oct. 31) Open Hours: 06:40 to 18:30 HikeTime: 2.5 hours
How to go there:
Take Bus 919. Or take a tourist bus: No. 1 at Front Gate ( Qianmen ); No. 2 at Beijing Railway Station; No. 3 at East Bridge; No. 4 at Xizhi Gate or Beijing Zoo;
Juyongguan Great Wall:
Ticket Fee: RMB 45 Open Hours: 07:30 to 17:30 Hike Time : 2.5 hours
How to go there: Take tourist Bus Route as below: Take No. 1 at Front Gate ( Qianmen ) Take No. 2 at Beijing Railway Station Take No. 3 at East Bridge Take No. 4 at Beijing Zoo or Xizhimen Gate
Mutianyu Great Wall:
Ticket Fee: RMB35 Open Hours: 07:30 to 17:30 Hike Time: 2.5 hours
How to go there:
Take Bus no 916 or take tourist Bus No. 6 at Xuanwumen Gate Simatai Great Wall: Ticket Fee: RMB 35 Open Hours: 08:00 to 17:00 Hike Time: 2 hours How to go there: Take bus No.12 from Xuan Wu Gate directly to Simatai. Take the 970 bus out of Beijing to Miyun and hire a taxi from there.
Jinshanling Great Wall:
Entrance Fee: RMB 30 Opening Hours: 08:00 to 16:50 Hiking time: 2 hours
How to go there Take the 970 bus out of Beijing to Miyun and hire a taxi from there.
Structure Of Great Wall
The Great Wall is not an individual rampart but an integrated defense system formed by fortifications including ramparts, watch towers, beacon towers, barrier walls, battle walls, fortresses and passes, etc. The defense system is commanded and controlled by different levels of military command systems. As a defense system, the construction of the Great Wall has been represented in different oddity structures because of the complicated landforms. It is an infrequency project in ancient world which shows the brightness and talent of Chinese ancestors. Pass cities are established at important junctions, passes and connections of mountain and sea which is convenient for transportation and defense, and watch towers are set to store weapons and food as well as the accommodation for the soldiers; beacon towers were built for the need of military vigilance and information communication; ramparts and passes are also the important part of the Great Wall.
Ramparts, Great Wall
Ramparts are the main body of the Great Wall structure. The architectural form, structure type and material use of the rampart would differ according to various topographical conditions, building conditions and technologies.
Watch Towers, Great Wall
As a kind of defensive construction, the hollow watch tower was creatively built after Qi Jiguang was named Garrison Commander of rampart whereupon battles could be easily supported. On each of the four sides of the hollow watch tower, there is an arrow window. The flat shape of the watch tower is square or rectangle, about 12 to 15 meters (49.2 ft) high. Some watch towers are taller. Their length and width are different according to the terrain and the need to defense and offense. The watch tower often has two or three floors. The top floor is in the air with a battlement and a movable wooden watch tower for shooting and the patrol’s warning and communication with smoke and fire, lanterns and flags. The middle floor was for the defender to shoot the enemy. In the wall there are arrow windows and crossbow loopholes for watching and shooting to all directions. The base floor was the boarding house for the soldier, and also could store weapons, provisions, drinking water and other implements of war.
Beacon Towers, Great Wall
Beacon Towers are also called “fire mound”, “beacon watch tower” and “wolves’ dung mound” with a shape of square, rectangle or circle. They were built for the need of military vigilance and information communication. They have a longer history than the Great Wall and served as an important part of the Great Wall defense system.
Barrier Walls, Great Wall
The barrier wall is a partition wall of about 2 meters (6.56ft) high and 1.5 meters (4.92ft) wide built on the rampart. It could prevent the enemy who had broken through a rampart from intruding further sideward. When the enemy got upon a rampart in a battle, the defender would make use of shelters to fight back and shoot through shooting holes in the barrier wall. The barrier wall was always built on the flanks of the watch tower located in the commanding height. It was a flank battlefield.
Battle Walls, Great Wall
The battle wall was always constructed on an advantageous terrain 50 to 100 meters (164.05 ft to 328.1 ft) outside the chief rampart that holds a special strategic position. If necessary several battle walls would be constructed a place. The battle wall was always made of bricks and stones, and constructed on highland in order to force the enemy to enter the battle before having got near the chief rampart. For occupying the highland where the battle wall was located, the enemy had to make upward attack and thus would experience a heavy lost.
Fortresses and Passes, Great Wall
Passes along the Great Wall were the most important strongholds for stationing troops, which were built in the place of strategic importance, hence the saying of “a man on guard is more than ten thousand of men”. Passes were generally built on lofty and precipitous peaks where mountain mouths could be easily blocked. Some passes were built in deep valleys and clutched the strategic gorge. Only by setting passes in strategic places could the defender successfully fight against the enemy of larger quantity. Most passes of the Great Wall had a pass city. Passes and pass cities of relative large scale were the backbone strategic strongholds in the Great Wall defense system. When the Great Wall was partially broken through, passes determinedly kept by the defender would still bluff off enemy.Pass cities of the Great Wall passes are mainly composed of square and polygon ramparts and city gates, city towers, city platforms and urn cities. Relative big pass cities in the plain still had moats and net cities around them. Around the extremely important passes there would be accessory fortresses serving for a peripheral battlefield.
GETTING TO Great Wall, Beijing
Srilankan Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Thai Airways, Singapore Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Air China, China Southern, China Eastern and Hainan Airlines daily to Beijing, China from all metropolitan cities in India and other countries.
There are many good hotel and resorts near Great Wall at Beijing, we have given a quick link below to book your stay.
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