The Netherlands is a main “constituent country” of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a small, densely populated country located in Western Europe with three island territories in the Caribbean.The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom and Germany. The Netherlands is a densely populated country in part reclaimed from the sea with about half of its land lying below sea level. The Capital of the country is Amsterdam.Crisscrossed with canals, the flat landscape is perfect for cycling with historic town centers, classic windmills and other tourist spots sprinkled across the country.The predominant wind direction in the Netherlands is southwest, which causes a moderate maritime climate, with cool summers and mild winters, and typically high humidity.
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Places to Visit in the Netherlands:
Netherlands is famous for its sound nature. The sea surrounded it attracts most tourists in the world. The following are some of the famous places to visit in Netherlands.
Canals of Amsterdam:
Amsterdam began building its famous canals in the 17th century. It is a home to more than one hundred kilometers of canals, most of which are navigable by boat.The three main canals, Herengracht, Prinsengracht, and Keizersgracht form concentric belts around the city, known as the grachtengordel. Amsterdam was surrounded by a moat, called the Singel, which now forms the innermost ring in the city, and makes the city centre a horseshoe shape.The city is also served by a seaport.Today there are over 100 km (60 miles) of canals and 1,500 bridges. Alongside the main canals are 1550 monumental buildings.It has been compared with Venice, due to its division into approximately 90 islands, which are linked by more than 1.200 bridges. Amsterdam has an oceanic climate strongly influenced by its proximity to the North Sea to the west, with prevailing westerly winds.
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West Frisian Islands:
The West Frisian Islandsare a chain of islands in the North Sea off the Dutch coast, along the edge of the Wadden Sea. They continue further east as the GermanEast Frisian Islands and are part of the Frisian Islands.The islands separate the North Sea from the shallow Wadden Sea, with tidal mud flats. Under the supervision of licensed guides several islands can be reached by walking on the mudflats during low tides.On the islands cycling is the most favorable means of transport.The Frisian Islands are nowadays mostly famous as a holiday destination. Island hopping is possible by regular ferries from the mainland and by specialized tour operators. More on West Frisian Islands.
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Leiden is known for the oldest university in the Netherlands, the birthplace of Rembrandt and its beautiful canals.The two branches of the Old Rhine, which enter Leiden on the east, unite in the centre of the town. The town is further intersected by numerous small canals with tree-bordered quays. On the west side of the town, the HortusBotanicus and other gardens extend along the old Singel, or outer canal.The old center of Leiden is one of the largest 17th century town centers in the Netherlands, second only to Amsterdam. The canals shows the architecture of the people. The canals are accessible mostly by boats.
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The HogeVeluwe National Park is one of the largest continuous nature reserves in the Netherlands, consisting of heathlands, sand dunes, and woodlands.It is situated in the Veluwe, the area of the largest terminal moraine in the Netherlands. Most of the landscape of the park and the Veluwe was created during the last Ice Age.The park is surrounded by fences. There are several notable buildings inside the park. The tourists need to pay the entrance fees to enter the place. A bicycle sharing system in the park makes bicycles available for free to visitors, with much of the area being inaccessible by car.
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Keukenhof Gardens is the world’s largest flower garden, and actually a promotion for the Dutch flower industry.It is located in an area called the “Dune and Bulb Region”. According to the official website for the Keukenhof Park, approximately 7 million flower bulbs are planted annually in the park, which covers an area of 32 hectares. The Keukenhof features a variety of different gardens and garden styles.Keukenhof is open annually from mid-March to mid-May. The best time to view the tulips is around mid-April, depending on the weather.
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Kinderdijk is a village in the Netherlands, belonging to the municipality of Molenwaard, in the province South Holland, about 15 km east of Rotterdam.The name Kinderdijk is Dutch for “Children dike”. Kinderdijk is situated in a polder in the Alblasserwaard at the confluence of the Lek and Noord rivers.More than 1.000 old windmills still exist in the Netherlands. The largest concentration of Dutch windmills can be found near the village of Kinderdijk. The windmills of Kinderdijk are one of the best-known Dutch tourist sites. They have been a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site since 1997.
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The Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam is the largest and most prestigious museum for art and history in the Netherlands.The museum is located at the Museum Square in the boroughAmsterdam South, close to the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, and the Concertgebouw. The museum has on display 8,000 objects of art and history, from their total collection of 1 million objects from the years 1200–2000, among which are some masterpieces by Rembrandt, Frans Hals, and Johannes Vermeer. The museum also has a small Asian collection which is on display in the Asian pavilion.
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The Delta Worksis a series of construction projects in the southwest of the Netherlands to protect a large area of land around the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta from the sea.The works consist of dams, sluices, locks, dikes, and storm surge barriers. They have been declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.The aim of the dams, sluices, and storm surge barriers was to shorten the Dutch coastline, thus reducing the number of dikes that had to be raised.
How to Reach:
By Air to the Netherlands:
With non-stop air route connectivity to Amsterdam you can reach Netherlands from anywhere across the Europe. KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Adria Airways and Aer Lingus are some of the popular airlines operating across Holland. Also flights are available from various parts of the world.
If you are already bored with the idea of flying, then it’s time for you to learn the rail routes to Amsterdam. Book Dutch Flyer tickets in London to reach Hoek van Holland from where you can again seek a rail route to Amsterdam.