Iceland is a Nordic island country between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. The country is present in the Europe region. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Iceland is located at the juncture of the North Atlantic and Arctic oceans. The main island is entirely south of the Arctic Circle, which passes through the small Icelandic island of Grímsey off the main island’s northern coast. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. There are many islands present in Iceland. The climate of Iceland’s coast is subpolar oceanic. The warm North Atlantic Current ensures generally higher annual temperatures than in most places of similar latitude in the world. There are around 1,300 known species of insects in Iceland, which is low compared with other countries and this makes icleand unique from other countries in the world.
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Places to Visit in Iceland:
Because of its iconic identity it is a famous tourist destination for most people in the world. There are many Volcanoes, islands, glaciers, forests and many other attractive things are present in Iceland. The following are some of the beautiful and vibrant places to see in Iceland.
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland. Its sound nature makes it the world’s northernmost capital of a sovereign state and a popular tourist destination. Reykjavík is believed to be the location of the first permanent settlement in Iceland. Reykjavík is a city with people from at least 100 countries. Árbær Museum is an Open-Air Folk Museum in Reykjavík that exhibits how Reykjavík was in the 19th century. Reykjavík City is a hotbed of activity all year round with a remarkable number of annual festivals and seasonal events attracting countless festivalgoers and media attention from around the world. Reykjavík is famous for its weekend nightlife. Icelanders tend to go out late, so bars that look rather quiet can fill up suddenly—usually after midnight on a weekend. The following is the most important tourist destination in Reykjavik.
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The unique church is situated in the middle of Reykjavík. It is the tallest and most recognizable building in the country. The architecture was inspired by the Black Falls – another Icelandic natural wonder. At 73 metres (244 ft), it is the largest church in Iceland and the sixth tallest architectural structure in Iceland after Longwave radio mast Hellissandur, the radio masts of the US Navy at Grindavík, Eiðar longwave transmitter and Smáratorg tower. The church houses a large pipe organ by the German organ builder Johannes Klais of Bonn. It has electronic action, the Pipes being remote from the four manuals and pedal console. There are 102 ranks, 72 stops and 5275 pipes.
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The gorgeous waterfall is one of the most popular attractions in the country. Located in the canyon, which forms three step terraces, river Hvítá plunges creating a powerful stream and Gullfoss. The best time to go is summer because the plunge is stronger in summer. About a kilometre above the falls it turns sharply to the right and flows down into a wide curved three-step “staircase” and then abruptly plunges in two stages (11 m and 21 m) into a crevice 32 m (105 ft) deep. The crevice, about 20 m (66 ft) wide, and 2.5 km in length, extends perpendicular to the flow of the river. As one first approaches the falls, the crevice is obscured from view, so that it appears that a mighty river simply vanishes into the earth. More information on waterfalls.
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Kirkjufell is a 463m high mountain on the north coast of Iceland’s Snæfellsnes peninsula, near the town of Grundarfjörður. The mountain beautifully sticks out in a plain landscape. In the surroundings of this striking mountain one can find small waterfalls and admire the Northern Lights at night. It is famous for its Unspoiled stunning nature. Surrounded by beaches, Kirkjufell has a lovely walking trail around it as well as a more challenging climb up to the top where bird and fish fossils can be found.
Landmannalaugar is a place in the Fjallabak Nature Reserve in the Highlands of Iceland. It is at the edge of Laugahraun lava field, which was formed in an eruption around the year 1477. It is known for its natural geothermal hot springs and surrounding landscape. The striking landscapes look like a different planet. Hiking and horse riding are among the most popular activities here. Landmannalaugar is the northern end of the Laugarvegur hiking trail and a popular destination for tourists traveling in Iceland. Several bus companies have regular trips to and from Landmannalaugar during the tourist season.
Due to the volcanic activities underneath the surface, a lot of geysers, underground springs and thermal pools are scattered all around the country. To see a powerful hot stream shooting from the ground is definitely exciting. Strokkur in the southwest of Iceland beside the Hvítá River is a popular fountain geyser. Many geysers are found in Haukadalur in the south of the country. The Geysir field is situated at the northern edge of the southern lowlands, at an altitude of 105-120 m above sea level. The hot springs are located to the east of a little mountain called Laugafell.
Skaftafell Ice Cave:
The land of ice – country is literally covered in ice and snow. The overwhelmingly beautiful ice caves attract adventurers. The travel agencies organize trips to the glaciers, from where the caves can be visited. Ice Caves are only found during the wintertime when the glacial rivers retract and the water freezes. New caves are formed in different locations each year. This tour is highly dependent on conditions (including temperature, safety of the cave and access to the cave). Ice-caves must be treated with the utmost respect in regards to the ceiling being supportive along with other factors. Being inside an Ice Cave provides visitors with unparalleled photographic opportunities while capturing the blue light passing through the glacier ice.
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How to Reach:
By air to Iceland:
The only international airport is the Keflavik Airport in Keflavik near Reykjavik. The national carrier, Icelandair offers the most number of international connections to Iceland. There are flights from Washington, Boston, Minneapolis, Baltimore, New York, Orlando and Halifax in the US. From Europe one can fly to Reykjavik from London, Glasgow, Amsterdam, Paris, Stockholm, Oslo, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Milan, Madrid and Barcelona. There are flights also from the Scandinavian countries and also from Ireland.
There are ferry services to Iceland from Norway, Denmark, Germany, the Shetland Islands and the Faroe Islands. Ferry services are seasonal and different destinations offer connections at different times in the year. The ports of Iceland receive much cargo traffic but many of these ships do take passengers and provide fairly comfortable conditions to them. Iceland is also a stop on some cruises. The chief ports are Akranes, Akureyri, Hafnarfjördur, Ísafjördur, Keflavík, Seydisfjordur, Reykjavík and Siglufjördur.
Have a Nice Stay in Iceland!!!!