Corinth Canal and submersible bridge at IsthmiaPosted By jai hanu on July 21, 2015 at 4:17pm | Blog, Europe
The Corinth Canal and submersible bridge in Greece cuts through the narrow Isthmus of Corinth and separates the Peloponnesian peninsula from the Greek mainland, connecting the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea. Built between 1881 and 1893, the Corinth Canal is considered a great technical achievement for its time. Although the canal saves the 700-kilometer journey around the Peloponnese, it is too narrow for modern ocean freighters, as it can only accommodate ships of a width of up to 16.5 meters and a draught of 7.3 meters. Aside from the canal’s narrowness, navigational problems and periodic closures to repair landslips from its steep walls, it failed to attract the level of traffic anticipated by its operators. Ships can only pass through the canal one at a time on a one-way system. Larger ships have to be towed by tugs. The submersible canal is nowadays mostly used by tourist ships, with 11,000 ships using the canal every year.
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Canal and Submersible Bridge :
Within 1988, a pair of submersible fill ended up built occur along the Corinth Canal, just one in each conclude, submersible in Isthmia along with Corinth. The actual fill decreases this fill deck 8 meters below h2o levels to allow waterborne targeted traffic to work with this waterway. The key benefit from decreasing this fill instead of weightlifting it preceding is there is zero structure preceding this shipment channel and therefore zero height restriction upon ship targeted traffic. This can be in particular of importance to cruising wrecks. Additionally, the possible lack of a great above-deck structure is regarded as aesthetically satisfying. On the other hand, this reputation with the enveloped fill structure restricts this draw up involving wrecks within the waterway.
Canal and Submersible Bridge – History :
The Corinth Canal joins the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea while cutting through the narrow strip of Corinth and parting the Peloponnesian peninsula from the Greek mainland. It was constructed between 1881 and 1893 and is considered to be a great technical success. Despite the fact that the Corinth Canal helps us to avoid the 700-kilometer journey around the Peloponnese, it has the capacity for a draught of 7.3 meters and ships of a width of up to 16.5 meters only and hence, it is too narrow for new ocean freighters. Besides this, the Corinth Canal has failed to draw the level of traffic as predicted by its operatives due to navigational difficulties and periodic closures for the restoration of landslides from its steep walls.
Canal and Submersible Bridge – Working:
The canal has the one-way system where ships can only pass one at a time and larger ships have to be pulled by yanks. At the present time, the canal is being used by tourists ships with almost 11,000 ships using the Corinth Canal per year. In Isthmia and Corinth, submersible two submersible bridges were built across the Corinth Canal, one at each end in 1988. The bridge deck is lowered 8 meters beneath the water level to allow waterborne traffic to use the waterway. The chief advantage of lowering the bridge and not raising it is that there is no restriction on height of ship traffic since there is no structure above the shipping channel. This becomes very practical for Sail ships and tourist boats. Furthermore, it is considered aesthetically attractive that an above-deck structure is absent. On the other hand, the existence of the structure of underwater bridge restricts the draft of vessels in the waterway.
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How a submersible bridge works.
Let’s cross the canal and see what’s on the other side of this four-fingered peninsula. We can cross by train or by car on one of the five bridges spanning the canal. We’ll cross on one of the submersible bridges located at either end of the canal. A submersible bridge is a type of movable bridge that lowers into the water when a ship is coming. It is a rather unique type of bridge as most bridges spanning a canal or waterway lift or rise up to allow ships to pass underneath. Here comes a ship! We’ll have to wait to cross over the canal. Of course, we don’t mind a bit, because we can watch the bridge lower, lower, lower, and then disappear below the surface of the water. After several minutes, the large ship passes, and our bridge seems to magically rise from the water until it reaches the top of the canal and becomes level with our roadway. The line of waiting traffic is now free to pass over the bridge.
While other bridges over waterways tend to lift or draw back to allow boat traffic to pass through, two bridges at either end of the Corinth Canal in Greece employ a much more unusual strategy. Instead of lifting, the bridges submerge beneath the water’s surface to the bottom – and a depth of 26 feet – letting water traffic pass above them. The bridges are located at the harbors of Isthmia and Poseidonia and were installed in 1988.
Although submersible bridges restrict the draft (the distance between the waterline and hull) of boats passing through, there’s no limitation when it comes to vessels’ heights. This is especially useful with regards to sailboats, which might otherwise be limited by their tall masts and rigging. Reportedly, the bridge takes between 20 and 30 minutes to lower into the water.
GETTING THERE – Corinth Canal and submersible bridge
Brussels Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Aeroflot Russian Airlines, Saudi Arabian Airlines, Thai Airways, Turkish Airlines, Tiger Airways, United Airlines , Srilankan Airlines are the Airlines are available India to reach Greece.
The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance from India to Greece is 5778.83 km= 3590.8 miles. If you travel with an airplane (which has average speed of 560 miles) between India to Greece, It takes 6.41 hours to arrive.
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