Arikamedu, about six km south of Puducherry, was flourishing port town during ancient Roman times. Remains of the port which was a major maritime centre between the 1st century BC and the 2nd century AD have been unearthed during excavations. Situated at the mouth of the Ariyankuppam River, Arikamedu is derived from the Tamil word Arikanmedu. Archeologists called the site Arikamedu, which literally means “Eroding Mount”. The port town was inhabited by Romans, Cholas and French and evidence of their stay have been unearthed in the port town. Arikamedu started off as a fishing village but with the development of trade, the village was replaced by a brick built harbour town. Today, only ruins remain of the once thriving port town. Besides maritime commerce, evidence has also been unearthed of inland trade with Kaveripattinam, Alagankulam, Musiri and Suttukeni along river valley routes. Imports included wines in amphora jars, cups and plates of Terra Sigillata (fine red Roman clay pots), ceramic lamps, ceramic glasses, olive oil and other olive products. Textiles, fine terracotta objects, beads of semi precious stones, glass, plants, gems, shell bangles and spices were in turn exported. Terra Sigillata tableware have been found only in two places outside of Roman Empire; one of them being Arikamedu.
Arikamedu’s glass bead manufacturing facility was considered the “mother of all bead centers” in the world. Arikamedu was first excavated in the 1940s and since then various excavations have been carried out. Of all the attempts, Sir Mortimer Wheeler’s establishment was the most favourable. Wheeler suggested that the northern part of the city was, more harbour oriented while the southern part of the city was the industry town. His excavations also revealed that the city of Arikamedu was a “sleepy fishing village” before the Romans arrived and after their departure survived the Chola, Pallava and Vijayanagara dynasties. Currently, the town does not bare much except the perpendicular walls that were laid open and the French Jesuit Mission House – which was built in the 18th century.
Puducherry Science Centre And Planetarium
Puducherry Science Centre & Planetarium (also known as Puducherry Science Park) is located in Lawspet is sprawled over 3 acres with a built-up area of 1500 sq.mtrs. It has 6 areas of focus at the moment with ample provision for expansion. The Science Demonstration Corner will conduct live demonstration and experiments to groups of visitors and students to showcase why science is fun. The “Children’s Corner” engages kids with simple experiments, a variety of puzzles and science kits. Marine Life is a vast resource, providing food, medicine and raw materials, in addition to support for recreation and tourism all over the world. At a fundamental level, marine life helps to determine the very nature of our planet. Marine organisms contribute significantly to the oxygen cycle and are involved in regulation of the Earth’s Climate. This gallery is divided in five sections: Marine Ecology, Marine Diversity, Marine Resources and Threats to Marine Resources & Marine Tourism.
The Fun Science Gallery spread over an area of about 300 sq.mtrs., is full of opportunities for visitors to interact, explore and experience various aspects of science in a highly entertaining ambiance.The Science Park – beyond the four walls of the science centre –spread over an acre makes learning of science concepts easy, in a non-coercive and lush green environment. The interactive exhibits here invite the visitors to play with them and explore various principles of science.The Digital Planetarium provides unique opportunity for Science Centres to inform and educate the visitors on various aspects of astronomy by simulating a dynamic sky. The celestial environment created inside a dome with minute details and accuracy of scales makes astronomy very lively.
ARIKAMEDU – Pondy TourismFormer Chola port city dating from the 1st Century BC with a large number of Roman artifacts.
- Address: Kakkayanthope, Ariyankuppam Commune, Puducherry
- Phone:0413 233 9497
- Hours: Open today · 10:00 am – 4:00 pm
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Arikamedu, about six km south of Puducherry, was flourishing port town during ancient Roman times. Remains of the port which was a major maritime centre between the 1st…
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HOW TO REACH – PONDICHERRY
Chennai International Airport, the nearest airport, is located 135 km away. Chennai is well connected to many cities in India like Delhi, Mumbai, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Pune, Hyderabad, etc. Taxis can be hired from the airport to reach Puducherry.
Villupuram, the nearest railway station, is 35 km away. Villupuram is connected to Trichy (Tiruchirappalli), Madurai and Chennai by regular train services. Taxi services are available from Villupuram to Puducherry.
Pondicherry is best accessible by road, either by bus or by taxi. Private tourist buses ply from Chennai, Madurai and Bengaluru to Pondicherry. Busses also connect Pondicherry to Thanjavur, Trichy, Chidamabaram and Coimbatore. There are frequent buses, almost every 15 minutes from Koyembedu in Chennai. Express buses take three-and-half-hours to reach Pondicherry.